Does supervision matter? Some hypothesis tests using Indian farm-level data

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations


A model is developed and estimated to test for heterogeneity of family and hired labor in agricultural production and to estimate the impact of employer supervision on the productivity of hired labor. Plot-level data are used from a rice-growing village in semi-arid tropical India. The hypothesis that family and hired labor are homogeneous inputs was rejected. Results indicate that family member supervision is required to increase hired labor productivity. Output loss attributable to operating at reduced supervision intensity was greater than 10% on over 40% of the plots.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)217-238
Number of pages22
JournalJournal of Development Economics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Apr 1994


  • India
  • Labor productivity
  • Supervision

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Development
  • Economics and Econometrics


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