background: A 6-year experience with surgical management of popliteal artery aneurysms (PAAs) was examined to determine the influence of infrapopliteal outflow vessel patency on the long-term success of popliteal artery aneurysmorrhaphy. methods: Arteriograms were reviewed to characterize the anatomy of the infrapopliteal arterial runoff. Regular clinical evaluation and prospective serial duplex scan surveillance assessed graft patency. results: A total of 28 patients underwent 45 popliteal aneurysmorrhaphies. Elective repair was performed in 32 limbs (71%); emergency treatment was needed for 13 limbs (29%) because of acute limb-threatening ischemia. All patients were managed with PAA exclusion and reversed saphenous vein grafting. Only 20 limbs (44%) had a patent trifurcation with three continuous vessels to the ankle, 13 (29%) had two continuous tibial vessels, 10 (22%) had one patent runoff artery, and 2 (4%) had no vessel continuous to the foot. With a mean follow-up of 19.1 months, the 5-year primary graft patency by life-table analysis was 95 ± 12.3%, with a 5-year assisted primary patency of 97 ± 10.0%. One vein graft underwent elective secondary revision. Another graft thrombosed, requiring a secondary bypass. Outcome did not correlate with the status of the runoff anatomy. Limb salvage was 100%. conclusion: The use of autologous reversed vein grafting and attention to technical details yielded normal graft hemodynamics and excellent long-term patency and limb salvage despite the suboptimal runoff anatomy associated with PAAs.
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