Doctor-patient sleep discussions for US adults: results from the SHADES study

Karen J. Klingman, Natasha J. Williams, Michael L. Perlis, Michael A. Grandner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Objectives: Determine the current rate of patient-provider sleep discussions and identify factors associated with occurrence of these discussions. Design: Secondary cross-sectional analysis of self-report data collected during the Sleep and Healthy Activity Diet Environment and Socialization study. Logistic regressions were used. Setting: Urban and suburban Southeastern Pennsylvania Participants: A total of n = 998 adults (aged 22-60), 38.6% female, racially and socioeconomically diverse, from urban and suburban Southeastern Pennsylvania. Measurements: Outcome measures were responses to 3 questions: (1) ever discussed sleep with a provider, (2) a provider ever discussed importance of sleep schedule, and (3) a provider ever discussed importance of enough sleep. Descriptive/independent variables included demographic factors and a wide range of patient-reported measures of health and sleep habits. Results: About a third of individuals have ever discussed sleep with a provider. Factors associated with higher odds of sleep-related discussions included sleep medication use, worse insomnia severity, race (Black/African American, Hispanic, Latino, other/multiracial), female sex, higher education, higher body mass index, and worse depression severity. Factors associated with lower odds were Asian race and low income. Sleep discussions were not associated with certain factors indicative of sleep disorders: sleep duration, snoring, shift work schedule, not working, and anxiety. Conclusions: Low rates of patient-provider sleep discussions and factors associated (or not) with their occurrence indicate missed opportunities for improved health outcomes.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)658-665
Number of pages8
JournalSleep Health
Issue number6
StatePublished - Dec 2019


  • Health promotion
  • Primary health care
  • Sleep
  • Sleep health

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health(social science)
  • Neuropsychology and Physiological Psychology
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)
  • Behavioral Neuroscience


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