Do cell junction protein mutations cause an airway phenotype in mice or humans?

Eugene H. Chang, Alejandro A. Pezzulo, Joseph Zabner

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Cell junction proteins connect epithelial cells to each other and to the basement membrane. Genetic mutations of these proteins can cause alterations in some epithelia leading to varied phenotypes such as deafness, renal disease, skin disorders, and cancer. This review examines if genetic mutations in these proteins affect the function of lung airway epithelia. We review cell junction proteins with examples of disease mutation phenotypes in humans and in mouse knockout models. We also review which of these genes are expressed in airway epithelium by microarray expression profiling and immunocytochemistry. Last, we present a comprehensive literature review to find the lung phenotype when cell junction and adhesion genes are mutated or subject to targeted deletion. We found that in murine models, targeted deletion of cell junction and adhesion genes rarely result in a lung phenotype. Moreover, mutations in these genes in humans have no obvious lung phenotype. Our research suggests that simply because a cell junction or adhesion protein is expressed in an organ does not imply that it will exhibit a drastic phenotype when mutated. One explanation is that because a functioning lung is critical to survival, redundancy in the system is expected. Therefore mutations in a single gene might be compensated by a related function of a similar gene product. Further studies in human and animal models will help us understand the overlap in the function of cell junction gene products. Finally, it is possible that the human lung phenotype is subtle and has not yet been described.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)202-220
Number of pages19
JournalAmerican journal of respiratory cell and molecular biology
Volume45
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 1 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Adherens proteins
  • Airway epithelia
  • Cell adhesion
  • Hemi-desmosomes
  • Tight junction

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Molecular Biology
  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Clinical Biochemistry
  • Cell Biology

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