Distribution of knowledge, group network structure, and group performance

Diane L. Rulke, Joseph Galaskiewicz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

232 Scopus citations


This study investigates the effect of knowledge distribution and group structure on performance in MBA game teams. We found that group performance was contingent on the distribution of knowledge within the group and networks of social relationships among group members. Studying 39 teams of MBA students in two management simulation games, we found that, in general, groups that had broadly distributed knowledge, i.e., groups made up of members who had general knowledge, outperformed groups that had knowledge concentrated in different members, i.e., groups made up of members who had specialized or both specialized and general knowledge. However, the advantage that the former enjoyed over the latter disappeared when groups of specialists or mixed groups had decentralized network structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)612-625
Number of pages14
JournalManagement Science
Issue number5
StatePublished - May 2000

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Strategy and Management
  • Management Science and Operations Research


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