Distribution of androgen receptor in microdissected brain areas of the female baboon (Papio cynocephalus)

Robert J. Handa, Charles E. Roselli, John A. Resko

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13 Scopus citations


We measured androgen receptors in the brain and pituitary of 4 female baboons (Papio cynocephalus) by the in vitro binding of methyltrienolone (R1881) to cytosols from 17 brain subregions as well as anterior and posterior pituitaries. High levels of AR were detected in anterior (22.1 ± 7.1 (S.E.M.) fmol/mg protein) and posterior pituitary (12.6 ± 3.3 fmol/mg protein). In brain tissue, the highest androgen receptor levels were found in the infundibular nucleus/median eminence (9.4 ± 2.3 fmol/mg protein), ventromedial nucleus (6.3 ± 1.7 fmol/mg protein) and periventricular area (4.9 ± 1.3 fmol/mg protein). Saturation analysis of anterior pituitary and brain tissue (pool of hypothalamic, preoptic area, amygdala and septum remaining after microdissection of brain nuclei) showed that [3H]R1881 binds to the androgen receptor with high specificity and affinity (Kd = 1.25 × 10-10 M, 0.45 × 10-10 M, in anterior pituitary and HPA cytosol, respectively). Serum testosterone levels were low in all animals (0.59 ± 0.26 ng/ml). With these data we described the quantitative distribution of androgen receptor in the pituitary and in specific brain nuclei in a species of nonhuman primate. The distribution is similar in many respects to that described in the male rat and the data suggest a conservation of androgen receptor distribution across species.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)111-116
Number of pages6
JournalBrain Research
Issue number1
StatePublished - Mar 29 1988


  • Androgen receptor
  • Baboon
  • R1881

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Neuroscience
  • Molecular Biology
  • Clinical Neurology
  • Developmental Biology


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