Distress and Restraint as Superordinate Dimensions of Self‐Reported Adjustment: A Typological Perspective

Daniel A. Weinberger, Gary E. Schwartz

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

521 Scopus citations


ABSTRACT Individual differences in distress and restraint have recently been validated as two superordinate dimensions of social‐emotional adjustment (Weinberger, 1989) In two samples (N1= 139, N2= 136) of university students, scores on these dimensions were jointly used to define six higher order personality styles reactive, sensitized, oversocialized, undersocialized, self‐assured, and repressive To evaluate this typology, group differences were investigated on 28 measures within seven domains related to adjustment self‐expression, emotional control, proneness to personality disorders, physical illness, self‐concept, neurotic symptoms, and impulse gratification One‐way multivariate analyses of variance revealed significant group differences within each domain Univariate analyses revealed significant differences on 26 of the 28 measures and marginally significant differences on the remaining 2 A large number of nonadditive patterns consistent with a priori group descriptions corroborated the utility of a person‐centered, typological approach The data also provided an empirically derived, prototypic description of each adjustment style

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)381-417
Number of pages37
JournalJournal of personality
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jun 1990

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Distress and Restraint as Superordinate Dimensions of Self‐Reported Adjustment: A Typological Perspective'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this