Distinct cell-to-fiber junctions are critical for the establishment of cardiotypical phenotype in a 3D bioartificial environment

Theo Kofidis, Leora Balsam, Jorg De Bruin, Robert C. Robbins

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations

Abstract

The first step toward improving the cell-matrix interactions that occur in bioartificial myocardial tissue is an understanding of the ultrastructural links between cells and host fibers. Here, we identify a distinct type of junction that helps the cells to find anchorage in the three-dimensional environment, and we evaluate the phenotype of the resulting tissue. Neonatal rat cardiomyocytes were seeded in two different collagen scaffolds after pre-hydration of the scaffold. Conventional and electron microscopy were used to analyze the tissue microstructure. Viability was assessed by life/dead assay and physical properties of the resulting tissue were evaluated. The resulting tissue displayed high cellular viability, spontaneous contractions over 12 weeks, and responded to passive stretch similar to native rat myocardium. Contractile force responded physiologically to calcium (Ca), adrenaline, and stretch administration. Ultrastructural studies revealed a cell-to-fiber junction, as well as a background matrix configuration, which has not been described before in this context. The cells aligned along collagen fibers and engaged in complex intercalations. The cell-to-fiber affinity is essential for the phenotypical performance of bioartificial myocardial tissue equivalents. Moreover, given the appropriate porosity of the scaffold, pre-hydration promotes migration and affinity of cells to host structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)157-163
Number of pages7
JournalMedical Engineering and Physics
Volume26
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Mar 2004
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Bioartificial heart muscle
  • Cardiomyocyte phenotype
  • Tissue engineering

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biophysics
  • Biomedical Engineering

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