Diffusive cosmic-ray acceleration at the Galactic Centre

F. Melia, M. Fatuzzo

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

15 Scopus citations


The diffuse TeV emission detected from the inner ~2° of the Galaxy appears to be strongly correlated with the distribution of molecular gas along the Galactic ridge. Although it is not yet entirely clear whether the origin of the TeV photons is due to hadronic or leptonic interactions, the tight correlation of the intensity distribution with the molecular gas strongly points to a pionic-decay process involving relativistic protons. However, the spectrum of the TeV radiation - a power law with index α ≈ -2.3 - cannot be accommodated easily with the much steeper distribution of cosmic rays seen at the Earth. In earlier work, we examined the possible sources of these relativistic protons and concluded that neither the supermassive black hole Sagittarius A* [identified with the High-Energy Stereoscopic System (HESS) source J1745-290] nor several pulsar wind nebulae dispersed along the Galactic plane could produce a TeV emission profile morphologically similar to that seen by the HESS. We concluded from this earlier study that only relativistic protons accelerated throughout the intercloud medium could account for the observed diffuse TeV emission from this region. In this Letter, we develop a model for diffusive proton acceleration driven by a turbulent Alfvénic magnetic field present throughout the gaseous medium. Though circumstantial, this appears to be the first evidence that at least some cosmic rays are accelerated diffusively within the inner ~300 pc of the Galaxy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)L23-L27
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society: Letters
Issue number1
StatePublished - Jan 2011


  • Acceleration of particles
  • Cosmic rays
  • Galaxies: nuclei
  • Galaxy: centre
  • Radiation mechanisms: non-thermal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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