Differential stability of temperament and personality from toddlerhood to middle childhood

Tricia K. Neppl, M. Brent Donnellan, Laura V. Scaramella, Keith F. Widaman, Sarah K. Spilman, Lenna L. Ontai, Rand D. Conger

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

41 Scopus citations


This prospective, longitudinal investigation examined differential consistency of three core dimensions of individuality from toddlerhood through middle childhood. Data came from 273 families who participated with their child at least once during three developmental periods: toddlerhood (2. years), early childhood (3-5. years), and middle childhood (6-10. years). Both mothers and fathers reported on attributes of their child using subscales from the Toddler Behavior Assessment Questionnaire, the Child Behavior Questionnaire, and the Iowa Personality Questionnaire. Reports were used as indicators of the latent " Big Three" dimensions of positive emotionality, negative emotionality, and constraint at each of the three developmental periods. Results pointed to consistency in these broad dimensions of temperament and personality from toddlerhood to middle childhood.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)386-396
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Research in Personality
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2010
Externally publishedYes


  • Big Three
  • Early childhood
  • Middle childhood
  • Personality
  • Stability
  • Temperament
  • Toddlerhood

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Social Psychology
  • General Psychology


Dive into the research topics of 'Differential stability of temperament and personality from toddlerhood to middle childhood'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this