Agonist, and antagonist effects of the proposed kappa opioid agonist, U50,488H (U50) have been studied in an experimental model of seizure activity (flurothyl-induced seizure threshold) (ST) and in the central modulation of spontaneous, volume-induced micturition contractions (bladder motility) (BM) in rats. Intracerebroventricular (i.c.v.) administration of U50 (at the doses tested) did not produce any agonist effect in either ST or in BM. In contrast, i.c.v. administration of [D-Ala2, NMPhe4, Gly-o1]enkephalin (DAGO) or etorphine, agonists with activity at mu opioid receptors, produced an elevation of ST and inhibition of BM. The elevation in ST produced by etorphine (0.004 nmol) was prevented by prior treatment with U50. In contrast, the approximately equieffective elevation in ST resulting from DAGO was not affected by U50 pretreatment. Similarly, pretreatment of rats with U50 antagonized the approximately equieffective BM effects of etorphine, but not those of DAGO. As both DAGO and etorphine are thought to exert their effects via the opiate mu receptor, the results may be consistent with the view that subpopulations of mu receptors exist within the central nervous system; these sites may be differentially associated with the kappa receptor.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- General Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology
- Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)