Device artifact reduction for magnetic resonance imaging of patients with implantable cardioverter-defibrillators and ventricular tachycardia: Late gadolinium enhancement correlation with electroanatomic mapping

Steven M. Stevens, Roderick Tung, Shams Rashid, Jean Gima, Shelly Cote, Geraldine Pavez, Sarah Khan, Daniel B. Ennis, J. Paul Finn, Noel Boyle, Kalyanam Shivkumar, Peng Hu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

77 Scopus citations

Abstract

Background Late gadolinium enhancement (LGE) magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) of ventricular scar has been shown to be accurate for detection and characterization of arrhythmia substrates. However, the majority of patients referred for ventricular tachycardia (VT) ablation have an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD), which obscures image integrity and the clinical utility of MRI. Objective The purpose of this study was to develop and validate a wideband LGE MRI technique for device artifact removal. Methods A novel wideband LGE MRI technique was developed to allow for improved scar evaluation on patients with ICDs. The wideband technique and the standard LGE MRI were tested on 18 patients with ICDs. VT ablation was performed in 13 of 18 patients with either endocardial and/or epicardial approach and the correlation between the scar identified on MRI and electroanatomic mapping (EAM) was analyzed. Results Hyperintensity artifact was present in 16 of 18 of patients using standard MRI, which was eliminated using the wideband LGE and allowed for MRI interpretation in 15 of 16 patients. All patients had ICD lead characteristics confirmed as unchanged post-MRI and had no adverse events. LGE scar was seen in 11 of 18 patients. Among the 15 patients in whom wideband LGE allowed visualization of myocardium, 10 had LGE scar and 5 had normal myocardium in the regions with image artifacts when using the standard LGE. The left ventricular scar size measurements using wideband MRI and EAM were correlated with R2 = 0.83 and P =.00003. Conclusion Wideband LGE MRI improves the ability to visualize myocardium for clinical interpretation, which correlated well with EAM findings during VT ablation.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)289-298
Number of pages10
JournalHeart Rhythm
Volume11
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Feb 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • Ablation
  • Arrhythmia
  • Catheter ablation
  • Clinical electrophysiology
  • Delayed enhancement
  • Electroanatomic mapping
  • Image artifact
  • Implantable cardioverter-defibrillator
  • Late gadolinium enhancement
  • Magnetic resonance imaging
  • Myocardial scar
  • Ventricular tachycardia

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine
  • Physiology (medical)

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