Development of the fundamentals of thoracic robotic surgery curriculum

Jeffrey S. Levy, Farid Gharagozloo

Research output: Contribution to journalReview articlepeer-review

1 Scopus citations


A great technological revolution in surgery occurred with the introduction of laparoscopic and other minimally invasive procedures, with enormous patient benefits. Robotic-assisted surgery (RAS) is a form of minimally invasive surgery that overcomes some of the limitations of laparoscopic techniques. Until recently, there were few standardized curricula for RAS. The Fundamentals of Robotic (FRS) developed a process through expert consensus conferences to develop an effective and validated curriculum for basic robotic surgery. A specialty specific curriculum for thoracic robotic surgery is also needed. The Fundamentals of Thoracic Robotic Surgery (FTRS) Consensus Conference brought together expert thoracic surgeons to build upon the accomplishments of FRS and incorporate the experiences of thoracic societies and academic institutions to establish a standardized FTRS curriculum for the development and maintenance of specialty-specific robotic surgical skills. A task deconstruction was completed for the thoracic 'signature' procedure, the lobectomy and training items and potential errors were identified for each step of the procedure. A final outline of the FTRS curriculum was developed during the conference and physical and virtual reality thoracic surgery training models were discussed. Following the conference, the steering committee completed the FTRS curriculum with editorial review from all stakeholders. The FTRS consensus conference followed the validated FRS model but in an accelerated process due to important groundwork set by experts in the FRS consensus conferences. A full online curriculum and supporting psychomotor skills training and team communication has been developed for the lobectomy procedure.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)6116-6122
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of Thoracic Disease
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 2021


  • Curriculum development
  • Fundamentals of Robotic Surgery (FRS)
  • Robotic-assisted
  • Thoracic surgery

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine


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