Development of a tobacco cessation clinical decision support system for pediatric emergency nurses

E. Melinda Mahabee-Gittens, Judith W. Dexheimer, Judith S. Gordon

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


Almost 50% of children who visit the pediatric emergency department are exposed to tobacco smoke. However, pediatric emergency nurses do not routinely address this issue. The incorporation of a clinical decision support system into the electronic health record may improve the rates of tobacco exposure screening and interventions. We used a mixed-methods design to develop, refine, and implement an evidence-based clinical decision support system to help nurses screen, educate, and assist caregivers to quit smoking. We included an advisory panel of emergency department experts and leaders and focus and user groups of nurses. The prompts include the following: (1) "Ask" about child smoke exposure and caregiver smoking; (2) "Advise" caregivers to reduce their child's smoke exposure by quitting smoking; (3) "Assess" interest; and (4) "Assist" caregivers to quit. The clinical decision support system was created to reflect nurses' suggestions and was implemented in five busy urgent care settings with 38 nurses. The nurses reported that the system was easy to use and helped them to address caregiver smoking. The use of this innovative tool may create a sustainable and disseminable model for prompting nurses to provide evidence-based tobacco cessation treatment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)560-569
Number of pages10
JournalCIN - Computers Informatics Nursing
Issue number12
StatePublished - 2016


  • Clinical decision support systems
  • Electronic health record
  • Nursing informatics
  • Pediatrics
  • Secondhand smoke
  • Smoking
  • Smoking cessation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Health Informatics
  • Nursing (miscellaneous)


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