Development of a pharmacy capstone course from focus groups to advanced patient care

Jeannie Kim Lee, Janet H. Cooley, Natalee E. Tanner, Courtney N. Hanauer, Danielle M. Schiefer, Richard N. Herrier

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

19 Scopus citations


Objective. To describe the development of a capstone course using qualitative results of focus groups and to determine the impact of the course using a pre- and postcourse surveys.

Design. A course titled Advanced Patient Care was developed using themes emerged from 3 stakeholder focus groups and implemented with case-based sessions, interactive exercises, and Objective Structured Clinical Examinations (OSCEs). Pre- and postcourse surveys were conducted to assess the students’ confidence and knowledge in managing 8 commonly-encountered conditions.

Assessment. During the 2-year course implementation, a total of 169 students participated in the preand postcourse surveys (87.6% response rate). The mean total confidence score increased significantly from 54.3 (±9.2) to 69.0 (±8.6, p<0.001), and the total mean knowledge score increased significantly from 6.3 to 6.9 (p<0.001).

Conclusion. The capstone course, fueled by focus group findings and implemented using interactive sessions and simulations, positively impacted students’ confidence and knowledge for clinical practice experiences and professional practice.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number156
JournalAmerican journal of pharmaceutical education
Issue number8
StatePublished - 2014


  • Capstone course
  • Focus group
  • Pharmacy curriculum
  • Pharmacy student
  • Survey

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Education
  • Pharmacy
  • Pharmacology, Toxicology and Pharmaceutics(all)


Dive into the research topics of 'Development of a pharmacy capstone course from focus groups to advanced patient care'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this