Development and testing of a single frequency terahertz imaging system for breast cancer detection

Benjamin St Peter, Sigfrid Yngvesson, Paul Siqueira, Patrick Kelly, Ashraf Khan, Stephen Glick, Andrew Karellas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

25 Scopus citations


The ability to discern malignant frombenign tissue in excised human breast specimens in Breast Conservation Surgery (BCS) was evaluated using single frequency terahertz radiation. Terahertz (THz) images of the specimens in reflection mode were obtained by employing a gas laser source and mechanical scanning. The images were correlated with optical histological micrographs of the same specimens, and a mean discrimination of 73% was found for five out of six samples using Receiver Operating Characteristic (ROC) analysis. The system design and characterization is discussed in detail. The initial results are encouraging but further development of the technology and clinical evaluation is needed to evaluate its feasibility in the clinical environment.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number6468149
Pages (from-to)374-386
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Terahertz Science and Technology
Issue number4
StatePublished - Jul 2013


  • Breast cancer
  • Medical imaging
  • Reflectivity
  • Refractive index
  • Single frequency THz imaging (SFTI)
  • THz

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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