Developing a National Trauma Research Action Plan: Results from the geriatric research gap Delphi survey

Bellal Joseph, Abdul Tawab Saljuqi, Jimmy Phuong, Edward Shipper, Maxwell A. Braverman, Pamela J. Bixby, Michelle A. Price, Robert D. Barraco, Zara Cooper, Molly Jarman, William Lack, Stephanie Lueckel, Evan Pivalizza, Eileen Bulger, Sasha Adams, Sam Arbabi, Robert D. Barraco, Zara Cooper, Henry Cryer, Michael DitilloRichard P. Dutton, Mindy J. Fain, Krista Lynn Haines, Vanessa Ho, Angela M. Ingraham, Molly Jarman, William Lack, Stephanie Lueckel, Cathy A. Maxwell, Anne Mosenthal, Nadia Mujahid, Kathleen M. O'Connell, Evan Pivalizza, Stephanie Priest, Jan P. Szatkowski, Mark S. Vrahas

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

8 Scopus citations


BACKGROUND Treating older trauma patients requires a focus on the confluence of age-related physiological changes and the impact of the injury itself. Therefore, the primary way to improve the care of geriatric trauma patients is through the development of universal, systematic multidisciplinary research. To achieve this, the Coalition for National Trauma Research has developed the National Trauma Research Action Plan that has generated a comprehensive research agenda spanning the continuum of geriatric trauma care from prehospital to rehabilitation. METHODS Experts in geriatric trauma care and research were recruited to identify current gaps in clinical geriatric research, generate research questions, and establish the priority of these questions using a consensus-driven Delphi survey approach. Participants were identified using established Delphi recruitment guidelines ensuring heterogeneity and generalizability. On subsequent surveys, participants were asked to rank the priority of each research question on a nine-point Likert scale, categorized to represent low-, medium-, and high-priority items. The consensus was defined as more than 60% of panelists agreeing on the priority category. RESULTS A total of 24 subject matter experts generated questions in 109 key topic areas. After editing for duplication, 514 questions were included in the priority ranking. By round 3, 362 questions (70%) reached 60% consensus. Of these, 161 (44%) were high, 198 (55%) medium, and 3 (1%) low priority. CONCLUSION Among the questions prioritized as high priority, questions related to three types of injuries (i.e., rib fracture, traumatic brain injury, and lower extremity injury) occurred with the greatest frequency. Among the 25 highest priority questions, the key topics with the highest frequency were pain management, frailty, and anticoagulation-related interventions. The most common types of research proposed were interventional clinical trials and comparative effectiveness studies, outcome research, and health care systems research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)209-219
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Trauma and Acute Care Surgery
Issue number2
StatePublished - Aug 1 2022


  • Delphi survey
  • Geriatric trauma
  • older adults
  • research agenda

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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