Background: Acute mesenteric ischemia (AMI) is associated with high morbidity and mortality due in part to its diagnostic difficulty and operative challenges. The purpose of this study was to review our experience of surgical management in patients with this condition and to identify variables associated with adverse outcomes following surgical interventions. Methods: Hospital records and clinical data of all patients undergoing surgical interventions for AMI were reviewed during a recent 12-year period. Clinical outcomes as well as factors influencing mortality were analyzed. Results: A total of 72 patients (41 females, overall mean age 65 years, range 34 to 83 years) were included in the study. Thrombosis and embolism were the cause of AMI in 48 patients (67%) and 24 patients (33%), respectively. Abdominal pain was the most common presenting symptom (96%), followed by nausea (56%). Preoperative angiogram was performed in 61 patients (85%). All patients underwent operative interventions, which included thromboembolectomy (n = 22, 31%), mesenteric bypass grafting (n = 33, 46%), patch angioplasty (n = 9, 12%), reimplantation (n = 5, 7%), and endarterectomy (n = 3, 4%). Bowel resection was necessary in 22 patients (31%) during the initial operation, and second-look operation was performed in 38 patients (53%). Perioperative morbidity and 30-day mortality rates were 39% and 31%, respectively. Univariate analysis showed renal insufficiency (P < .02), age >70 (P < .001), metabolic acidosis (P < .02), and symptom duration (P < .005), and bowel resection in second-look operations (P < .01) were associated with mortality. Logistic regression analysis showed age >70 (P = .03) and prolonged symptom duration (P = .02) were independent predictors of mortality. Conclusions: Elderly patients and those with a prolonged duration of symptoms had worse outcomes following surgical intervention for AMI. A high index of suspicion with prompt diagnostic evaluation may reduce time delay prior to surgical intervention, which may lead to improved patient survival. Aggressive surgical intervention should be performed as promptly as possible in patients once the diagnosis of AMI is made.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Cardiology and Cardiovascular Medicine