Most transgenic mouse models are generated through random integration of the transgene. The location of the transgene provides valuable information for assessing potential effects of the transgenesis on the host and for designing genotyping protocols that can amplify across the integration site, but it is challenging to identify. Here, we report the successful utility of optical genome mapping technology to identify the transgene insertion site in a CYP2A13/ 2B6/2F1-transgenic mouse model, which produces three human cytochrome P450 (P450) enzymes (CYP2A13, CYP2B6, and CYP2F1) that are encoded by neighboring genes on human chromosome 19. These enzymes metabolize many drugs, respiratory toxicants, and chemical carcinogens. Initial efforts to identify candidate insertion sites by whole genome sequencing was unsuccessful, apparently because the transgene is located in a region of the mouse genome that contains highly repetitive sequences. Subsequent utility of the optical genome mapping approach, which compares genome-wide marker distribution between the transgenic mouse genome and a reference mouse (GRCm38) or human (GRCh38) genome, localized the insertion site to mouse chromosome 14, between two marker positions at 4451324 base pair and 4485032 base pair. A transgene-mouse genome junction sequence was further identified through long-polymerase chain reaction amplification and DNA sequencing at GRCm38 Chr.14:4484726. The transgene insertion (~2.4 megabase pair) contained 5–7 copies of the human transgenes, which replaced a 26.9–33.4 kilobase pair mouse genomic region, including exons 1–4 of Gm3182, a predicted and highly redundant gene. Finally, the sequencing results enabled the design of a new genotyping protocol that can distinguish between hemizygous and homozygous CYP2A13/2B6/2F1-transgenic mice.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Pharmaceutical Science