Detection of rodent parvoviruses by use of fluorogenic nuclease polymerase chain reaction assays

A. J. Redig, D. G. Besselsen

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

30 Scopus citations

Abstract

Polymerase chain reaction (PCR) assays have proven useful for detection of rodent parvoviruses in animals and contaminated biological materials. Fluorogenic nuclease PCR assays combine PCR with an internal fluorogenic hybridization probe, eliminating post-PCR processing and potentially enhancing specificity. Consequently, three fluorogenic nuclease PCR assays were developed, one that detects all rodent parvoviruses, one that specifically detects minute virus of mice (MVM), and one that specifically detects mouse parvovirus 1 (MPV) and hamster parvovirus (HaPV). When rodent parvoviruses and other rodent DNA viruses were evaluated, the rodent parvovirus assay detected only rodent parvovirus isolates, whereas the MVM and MPV/HaPV assays detected only the MVM or MPV/ HaPV isolates, respectively. Each assay detected the equivalent of 10 or fewer copies of target template, and all fluorogenic nuclease PCR assays exceeded the sensitivities associated with previously reported PCR assays and mouse antibody production testing. In addition, each fluorogenic nuclease PCR assay detected the targeted parvovirus DNA in tissues obtained from mice experimentally infected with MVM or MPV. Results of these studies indicate that fluorogenic nuclease PCR assays provide a potentially high-throughput, PCR-based method to detect rodent parvoviruses in infected mice and contaminated biological materials.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)326-331
Number of pages6
JournalComparative medicine
Volume51
Issue number4
StatePublished - 2001
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biochemistry, Genetics and Molecular Biology(all)
  • veterinary(all)

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