Detection of porcine-specific canine antibodies by a radioimmunological technique

Hidenori Yoshioka, Robert T. McCalmon, Charles W. Putnam, David S. Terman, Donald Petty, Daryl Ogden, Tracie Tavel, Deborah Kirkegaard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

2 Scopus citations

Abstract

A sensitive radioimmunological technique is described in which the primary interaction of 125I porcine membrane antigens with naturally occurring canine antibodies is measured by precipittion with 20% polyethylene glycol. Porcine membrane antigens were isolated, radiolabeled, and found to be maximally soluble in 20% polyethylene glycol solution. Binding of canine antisera to porcine antigens could be reduced by absorption with porcine lymphocytes. An eluate was obtained from a porcine kidney that was perfused in vivo for 330 min with oxygenated canine plasma and was identified as canine IgG by immunoelectrophoresis. When added to normal dog serum, the eluate markedly augmented the binding titer. Samples of dog serum taken after extracorporeal perfusion showed a significant decline in binding with no significant changes in lymphocytoxicity titer. These results suggest that this primary binding assay is a more sensitive indicator of the presence of graft-specific humoral antibodies and may be of value in evaluating prospective heterograft donors as well as in following the course of therapy.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)60-64
Number of pages5
JournalTransplantation
Volume23
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jan 1977
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Transplantation

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