Detection of kissing bonds by Lamb waves

T. Kundu, A. Maji, T. Ghosh, K. Maslov

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

109 Scopus citations


Closed cracks under compressive normal stresses are difficult to detect by the conventional ultrasonic techniques. When the crack surfaces stay in very close contact with each other then the bond between the two surfaces of the crack is called a 'kissing bond'. This is a very dangerous bond. Catastrophic failures can result if the system is subjected to crack opening normal stresses or shear stresses. When the crack surfaces are smooth then kissing bonds cannot transmit shear stress very well but can carry compressive normal stress, these bonds are called 'slip bonds'. Conventional P-wave scans (C-scan or A-scan) are based on the assumptions that P-waves are reflected by the defective interface. However, an interface subjected to a large compressive stress cannot reflect P-waves effectively, hence these bonds remain invisible to the conventional P-wave based C-scan or A-scan techniques. In this paper it is shown that the kissing bonds can be effectively detected by some leaky Lamb mode. Theoretical and experimental results are presented to show that using the Lamb waves is an effective way of detecting kissing bonds.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)573-580
Number of pages8
Issue number8
StatePublished - Jan 1998


  • Crack detection
  • Kissing bond
  • Lamb wave
  • Ultrasonic techniques

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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