Detailed hydrodynamic and X-ray spectroscopic analysis of a laser-produced rapidly-expanding aluminium plasma

D. M. Chambers, S. H. Glenzer, J. Hawreliak, E. Wolfrum, A. Gouveia, R. W. Lee, R. S. Marjoribanks, O. Renner, P. Sondhauss, S. Topping, P. E. Young, P. A. Pinto, J. S. Wark

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

13 Scopus citations


We present a detailed analysis of K-shell emission from laser-produced rapidly-expanding Al plasmas. This work forms part of a series of experiments performed at the Vulcan laser facility of the Rutherford Appleton Laboratory, UK. 1-D planar expansion was obtained by over-illuminating A1-microdot targets supported on CH plastic foils. The small size of the A1-plasma ensured high spatial and frequency resolution of the spectra, obtained with a single crystal spectrometer, two vertical dispersion variant double crystal spectrometers, and a vertical dispersion variant Johann Spectrometer. The hydrodynamic properties of the plasma were measured independently by spatially and temporally resolved Thomson scattering, utilizing a 4ω probe beam. This enabled sub- and super-critical densities to be probed relative to the 1ω heater beams. The deduced plasma hydrodynamic conditions are compared with those generated from the 1-D hydro-code Medusa, and the significant differences found in the electron temperature discussed. Synthetic spectra generated from the detailed term collisional radiative non-LTE atomic physics code Fly are compared with the experimental spectra for the measured hydrodynamic parameters, and for those taken from Medusa. Excellent agreement is only found for both the H- and He-like A1 series when careful account is taken of the temporal evolution of the electron temperature.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)237-247
Number of pages11
JournalJournal of Quantitative Spectroscopy and Radiative Transfer
Issue number2-6
StatePublished - Oct 15 2001

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Radiation
  • Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics
  • Spectroscopy


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