Detailed abundances of the solar twins 16 Cygni A and B: Constraining planet formation models

Simon C. Schuler, Katia Cunha, Verne V. Smith, Luan Ghezzi, Jeremy R. King, Constantine P. Deliyannis, Ann Merchant Boesgaard

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

54 Scopus citations

Abstract

Results of a detailed abundance analysis of the solar twins 16CygA and 16CygB based on high-resolution, high signal-to-noise ratio echelle spectroscopy are presented. 16CygB is known to host a giant planet while no planets have yet been detected around 16CygA. Stellar parameters are derived directly from our high-quality spectra, and the stars are found to be physically similar, with ΔT eff = +43K, Δlog g = -0.02dex, and Δξ = +0.10kms-1 (in the sense of A - B), consistent with previous findings. Abundances of 15 elements are derived and are found to be indistinguishable between the two stars. The abundances of each element differ by ≤0.026dex, and the mean difference is +0.003 ± 0.015 (σ)dex. Aside from Li, which has been previously shown to be depleted by a factor of at least 4.5 in 16CygB relative to 16CygA, the two stars appear to be chemically identical. The abundances of each star demonstrate a positive correlation with the condensation temperature of the elements (T c); the slopes of the trends are also indistinguishable. In accordance with recent suggestions, the positive slopes of the [m/H]-T c relations may imply that terrestrial planets have not formed around either 16CygA or 16CygB. The physical characteristics of the 16Cyg system are discussed in terms of planet formation models, and plausible mechanisms that can account for the lack of detected planets around 16CygA, the disparate Li abundances of 16CygA and B, and the eccentricity of the planet 16CygB b are suggested.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberL32
JournalAstrophysical Journal Letters
Volume737
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Aug 20 2011
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • planetary systems
  • planets and satellites: formation
  • stars: abundances
  • stars: atmospheres
  • stars: individual (16 Cyg A, 16 Cyg B)

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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