Designing custom medium resolution observing modes to trace planet accretion with SCALES

Raquel A. Martinez, Steph Sallum, Ravinder Banyal, Natalie Batalha, Natasha Batalha, Geoff Blake, Tim Brandt, Zack Briesemeister, Katherine de Kleer, Imke de Pater, Aditi Desai, Josh Eisner, Wen Fai Fong, Tom Greene, Mitsuhiko Honda, Isabel Kain, Charlie Kilpatrick, Renate Kupke, Mackenzie Lach, Mike LiuBruce Macintosh, Dimitri Mawet, Brittany Miles, Caroline Morley, Diana Powell, Patrick Sheehan, Andrew J. Skemer, Justin Spilker, Deno Stelter, Jordan Stone, Arun Surya, Sivarani Thirupathi, Kevin Wagner, Yifan Zhou

Research output: Chapter in Book/Report/Conference proceedingConference contribution

1 Scopus citations


The Slicer Combined with Array of Lenslets for Exoplanet Spectroscopy (SCALES) is an under-construction thermal infrared high-contrast integral field spectrograph that will be located at the W. M. Keck Observatory. SCALES will detect and characterize planets that are currently inaccessible to detailed study by operating at thermal (2–5 µm) wavelengths and leveraging integral-field spectroscopy to readily distinguish exoplanet radiation from residual starlight. SCALES’ wavelength coverage and medium-spectral-resolution (R ∼ 4,000) modes will also enable investigations of planet accretion processes. We explore the scientific requirements of additional custom gratings and filters for incorporation into SCALES that will optimally probe tracers of accretion in forming planets. We use ray-traced hydrogen emission line profiles (i.e., Brγ, Brα) and the SCALES end-to-end simulator, scalessim, to generate grids of high-fidelity mock datasets of accreting planetary systems with varying characteristics (e.g., Teff, planet mass, planet radius, mass accretion rate). In this proceeding, we describe potential specialized modes that best differentiate accretion properties and geometries from the simulated observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Title of host publicationTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets XI
EditorsGarreth J. Ruane
ISBN (Electronic)9781510665743
StatePublished - 2023
EventTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets XI 2023 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Aug 21 2023Aug 24 2023

Publication series

NameProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
ISSN (Print)0277-786X
ISSN (Electronic)1996-756X


ConferenceTechniques and Instrumentation for Detection of Exoplanets XI 2023
Country/TerritoryUnited States
CitySan Diego


  • instrumentation: thermal infrared
  • integral field spectroscopy
  • simulation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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