Design, production, and utilization of long oligonucleotide microarrays for expression analysis in maize

J. M. Gardiner, C. R. Buell, R. Elumalai, D. W. Galbraith, D. A. Henderson, A. L. Iniguez, S. M. Kaeppler, J. J. Kim, J. Liu, A. Smith, L. Zheng, V. L. Chandler

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

22 Scopus citations


Analysis of gene expression on a genome scale can provide useful insights into plant growth and development, and an understanding of the mechanisms used by plants to cope with biotic and abiotic stress. To facilitate analysis of genome-wide gene expression in maize, we have assembled a large collection of maize EST and genomic sequences, designed a set of 57,442 maize 70-mer oligonucleotides to represent these sequences, and printed a two-slide microarray set (MOA and MOB) which is available to the maize research community at minimal cost. To monitor array quality, we have developed a series of printing controls and procedures that when coupled with a 9-mer hybridization assay, allow tracking of spot morphology and printing pin carryover. An optimized hybridization protocol has been developed by testing a series of hybridization temperatures and performing detailed statistical analyses. To facilitate management of all long-oligonucleotide associated array data, Zeamage, a Sybase relational database has been developed and is available at Zeamage contains the appropriate tables and fields for tracking the oligonucleotide sequences and associated annotation, array design, and biological information associated with the microarray hybridizations. The web-site provides additional information on the project, array content, and data analysis tools.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)425-435
Number of pages11
Issue number3-4
StatePublished - 2005


  • Gene expression
  • Maize
  • Microarrays
  • Oligonucleotides

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Agronomy and Crop Science
  • Genetics
  • Plant Science


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