For the see-through and near-to-eye displays, light throughput and uniformity of luminance over the field of view are improved by employing an optical image guide with discretely depth-varying surface relief holographic gratings. In the design process, a newly developed mathematical model, in conjunction with rigorous coupled wave analysis of diffraction efficiency, eliminates massive and time consuming iteration of non-sequential ray tracing but rapidly identifies the depth-varying structure and optimum optical performance. The depth-varying grating based approach achieved a 1.37x improvement in light throughput compared to the conventional depth un-varying design, 315 cd/m2/lm, along with improved uniformity over the field of view of 35 (H) x 20 (V) degrees with an eye box size of 17 (H) x 14 (V) mm.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Atomic and Molecular Physics, and Optics