Design, fabrication, and testing of double negative metamaterials

Richard W. Ziolkowski

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

829 Scopus citations


The design, fabrication, and testing of several metamaterials that exhibit double negative (DNG) medium properties at X band frequencies are reported. DNG media are materials in which the permittivity and permeability are both negative. Simulation and experimental results are given that demonstrate the realization of DNG metamaterials matched to free-space. The extraction of the effective permittivity and permeability for these metamaterials from reflection and transmission data at normal incidence is treated. It is shown that the metamaterials studied exhibit DNG properties in the frequency range of interest.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1516-1529
Number of pages14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Antennas and Propagation
Issue number7
StatePublished - Jul 2003


  • Double negative media
  • Electromagnetic propagation
  • Metamaterials
  • Nonhomogeneous media
  • Periodic structures

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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