Design and verification of large-moment transmitter loops for geophysical applications

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14 Scopus citations


In this paper we discuss the modeling, design and verification of large-moment transmitter (TX) loops for geophysical applications. We first develop two equivalent circuit models for TX loops. We show that the equivalent inductance can be predicted using one of two empirical formulas. The stray capacitance of the loop is then calculated using the measured self-resonant frequency and the loop inductance. We model the losses associated with both the skin effect and the dissipation factor in both of these equivalent circuits. We find that the two equivalent circuit models produce the same results provided that the dissipation factor is small. Next we compare the measured input impedances for three TX loops that were constructed with different wire configurations with the equivalent circuit model. We found excellent agreement between the measured and simulated results after adjusting the dissipation factor. Since the skin effect and dissipation factor yield good agreement with measurements, the proximity effect is negligible in the three TX loops that we tested. We found that the effects of the dissipation factor dominated those of the skin effect when the wires were relatively close together. When the wires were widely separated, then the skin effect was the dominant loss mechanism. We also found that loops with wider wire separations exhibited higher self-resonant frequencies and better high-frequency performance.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-218
Number of pages8
JournalJournal of Applied Geophysics
StatePublished - Jan 1 2017


  • Air-core inductor
  • And large moment
  • Dissipation factor
  • Electrical methods
  • Equivalent circuit
  • Frequency domain
  • Skin effect
  • Transmitter loop

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geophysics


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