Demographics and physical properties of gas outflows/inflows at 0.4 < z < 1.4

Crystal L. Martin, Alice E. Shapley, Alison L. Coil, Katherine A. Kornei, Kevin Bundy, Benjamin J. Weiner, Kai G. Noeske, David Schiminovich

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

264 Scopus citations

Abstract

We present Keck/LRIS spectra of over 200 galaxies with well-determined redshifts between 0.4 and 1.4. We combine new measurements of near-ultraviolet, low-ionization absorption lines with previously measured masses, luminosities, colors, and star formation rates to describe the demographics and properties of galactic flows. Among star-forming galaxies with blue colors, we find a net blueshift of the Fe II absorption greater than 200 km s-1 (100 km s-1) toward 2.5% (20%) of the galaxies. The fraction of blueshifted spectra does not vary significantly with stellar mass, color, or luminosity but does decline at specific star formation rates less than roughly 0.8 Gyr -1. The insensitivity of the blueshifted fraction to galaxy properties requires collimated outflows at these redshifts, while the decline in outflow fraction with increasing blueshift might reflect the angular dependence of the outflow velocity. The low detection rate of infalling gas, 3%-6% of the spectra, suggests an origin in (enriched) streams favorably aligned with our sightline. We find that four of these nine infalling streams have projected velocities commensurate with the kinematics of an extended disk or satellite galaxy. The strength of the Mg II absorption increases with stellar mass, B-band luminosity, and U - B color, trends arising from a combination of more interstellar absorption at the systemic velocity and less emission filling in more massive galaxies. Our results provide a new quantitative understanding of gas flows between galaxies and the circumgalactic medium over a critical period in galaxy evolution.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number127
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Volume760
Issue number2
DOIs
StatePublished - Dec 1 2012

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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