Demographic trends for animal care and control agencies in Ohio from 1996 to 2004

Linda K. Lord, Thomas E. Wittum, Amy K. Ferketich, Julie A. Funk, Paivi Rajala-Schultz, Ross M. Kauffman

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

43 Scopus citations

Abstract

Objective-To examine changes between 1996 and 2004 in regard to numbers of animals handled, medical care provided, expenses, numbers of employees, and agency policies for animal care and control agencies in Ohio. Design-Cross-sectional survey. Sample Population-223 animal care and control agencies. Procedures-A questionnaire was mailed to animal care and control agencies in Ohio to collect information for 2004; results were compared with published results of a similar survey. Results-165 of the 223 (74%) agencies responded. Estimated total number of animals handled in 2004 was 315,519, which represented a decrease of 7% compared with 1996. However, although number of dogs taken in decreased 17%, number of cats taken in increased 20%. Between 1996 and 2004, the euthanasia rate decreased from 65.3% to 56.8%, and the adoption rate increased from 24.5% to 33.6%. Number of dogs euthanatized decreased 39%, but number of cats euthanatized increased 14%. The proportion of agencies with a spay-neuter policy increased from 56% to 71%, and the proportion that maintained an association with a veterinarian increased from 39% to 80%. For dogs handled by county dog warden agencies, the odds of euthanasia were higher if the agency did not have a spay-neuter policy (odds ratio, 1.36). Conclusions-Results suggest that the status of dogs handled by animal care and control agencies in Ohio improved between 1996 and 2004, but that the status of cats deteriorated.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)48-54
Number of pages7
JournalJournal of the American Veterinary Medical Association
Volume229
Issue number1
DOIs
StatePublished - Jul 1 2006
Externally publishedYes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General Veterinary

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