Defining success in clinical trials of diabetic foot wounds: The Los Angeles DFCon consensus

David G. Armstrong, Andrew J.M. Boulton, George Andros, Christopher Attinger, David Eisenbud, Lawrence A. Lavery, Benjamin A. Lipsky, Joseph L. Mills, Gary Sibbald, Adrianne P. Smith, Dane Wukich, David J. Margolis

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

18 Scopus citations


Regulatory requirements for new products should be guided by clinical trials that protect the public by a thorough evaluation of safety and efficacy, while not creating unnecessary barriers to their development and ultimate approval. While healing a wound is the ultimate goal of treating an individual with a diabetic foot ulcer, achieving this goal is physiologically complex requiring the initiation and interaction of many events and therefore unlikely to be achieved by one compound. We believe that developing new, more meaningful, study outcomes or end points in wound care trials would both aid in determining the true efficacy of wound management modalities and facilitate the product development cycle. The primary guidance from the US Food and Drug Administration to industry in this field was published in 2006. This document, while helpful and largely in concert with current knowledge of wound healing, needs to be substantially improved. We therefore convened an interdisciplinary task force comprising experts in various aspects of wound care to attempt to achieve consensus in defining primary outcomes and potential secondary endpoints for various classes of wound-healing modalities.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)211-213
Number of pages3
JournalInternational Wound Journal
Issue number3
StatePublished - Jun 2009


  • Amputation
  • Consensus
  • Diabetes
  • FDA
  • Healing
  • Infection
  • Outcomes
  • Ulcer

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Surgery
  • Dermatology


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