Deep Chandra X-ray imaging of a nearby radio galaxy 4C+29.30: X-ray/radio connection

Aneta Siemiginowska, Łukasz Stawarz, Chi C. Cheung, Thomas L. Aldcroft, Jill Bechtold, D. J. Burke, Daniel Evans, Joanna Holt, Marek Jamrozy, Giulia Migliori

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


We report results from our deep Chandra X-ray observations of a nearby radio galaxy, 4C+29.30 (z = 0.0647). The Chandra image resolves structures on sub-arcsec to arcsec scales, revealing complex X-ray morphology and detecting the main radio features: the nucleus, a jet, hotspots, and lobes. The nucleus is absorbed (N H ≃ 3.95+0.27 -0.33 × 1023cm-2) with an unabsorbed luminosity of L 2-10 keV ≃ (5.08 ± 0.52) × 1043ergs -1 characteristic of Type 2 active galactic nuclei. Regions of soft (<2 keV) X-ray emission that trace the hot interstellar medium (ISM) are correlated with radio structures along the main radio axis, indicating a strong relation between the two. The X-ray emission extends beyond the radio source and correlates with the morphology of optical-line-emitting regions. We measured the ISM temperature in several regions across the galaxy to be kT ≃ 0.5keV, with slightly higher temperatures (of a few keV) in the center and in the vicinity of the radio hotspots. Assuming that these regions were heated by weak shocks driven by the expanding radio source, we estimated the corresponding Mach number of 1.6 in the southern regions. The thermal pressure of the X-ray-emitting gas in the outermost regions suggests that the hot ISM is slightly underpressured with respect to the cold optical-line-emitting gas and radio-emitting plasma, which both seem to be in a rough pressure equilibrium. We conclude that 4C+29.30 displays a complex view of interactions between the jet-driven radio outflow and host galaxy environment, signaling feedback processes closely associated with the central active nucleus.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number124
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - May 10 2012


  • X-rays: galaxies
  • galaxies: active
  • galaxies: jets
  • radiation mechanisms: non-thermal

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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