Debris disk color with the Hubble Space Telescope

Bin B. Ren, Isabel Rebollido, Alodie Choquet, Wen Han Zhou, Marshall D. Perrin, Glenn Schneider, Julien Milli, Schuyler G. Wolff, Christine H. Chen, John H. Debes, J. Brendan Hagan, Dean C. Hines, Maxwell A. Millar-Blanchaer, Laurent Pueyo, Aki Roberge, Eugene Serabyn, Rémi Soummer

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

5 Scopus citations

Abstract

Context. Multiwavelength scattered light imaging of debris disks may inform dust properties including typical size and mineral composition. Existing studies have investigated a small set of individual systems across a variety of imaging instruments and filters, calling for uniform comparison studies to systematically investigate dust properties. Aims. We obtain the surface brightness of dust particles in debris disks by post-processing coronagraphic imaging observations, and compare the multiwavelength reflectance of dust. For a sample of resolved debris disks, we perform a systematic analysis on the reflectance properties of their birth rings. Methods. We reduced the visible and near-infrared images of 23 debris disk systems hosted by A through M stars using two coron-agraphs on board the Hubble Space Telescope: the STIS instrument observations centered at 0.58 μm, and the NICMOS instrument at 1.12 μm or 1.60 μm. For proper recovery of debris disks, we used classical reference differential imaging for STIS, and adopted non-negative matrix factorization with forward modeling for NICMOS. By dividing disk signals by stellar signals to take into account intrinsic stellar color effects, we systematically obtained and compared the reflectance of debris birth rings at - 90° scattering angle. Results. Debris birth rings typically exhibit a blue color at - 90° scattering angle. As the stellar luminosity increases, the color tends to be more neutral. A likely L-shaped color-albedo distribution indicates a clustering of scatterer properties. Conclusions. The observed color trend correlates with the expected blow-out size of dust particles. The color-albedo clustering likely suggests different populations of dust in these systems. More detailed radiative transfer models with realistic dust morphology will contribute to explaining the observed color and color-albedo distribution of debris systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article numberA114
JournalAstronomy and astrophysics
Volume672
DOIs
StatePublished - Apr 1 2023

Keywords

  • Instrumentation: high angular resolution
  • Kuiper belt: general
  • Stars: imaging
  • Techniques: image processing

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science

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