Debit, credit, or cash: Survey evidence on gasoline purchases

Kenneth A. Carow, Michael E. Staten

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

55 Scopus citations


We analyzed the consumer's payment option to use debit, general purpose credit cards, gasoline credit cards, or cash. Based on the results from a nested multinomial logit model, we found consumers are more likely to use cash when they have less education, lower incomes, are middle-aged, and own fewer credit cards. Debit and credit card users are younger, more educated, and hold more credit cards. Respondents who use their debit card are less likely to use their gasoline credit card. The results suggest that greater debit card usage will place the greatest competitive pressure on the gasoline credit card program.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)409-421
Number of pages13
JournalJournal of Economics and Business
Issue number5
StatePublished - 1999


  • Credit
  • Debit
  • Payment choices

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Business, Management and Accounting(all)
  • Economics and Econometrics


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