Data on the activity of DNA methyltransferase in the uteri of CD-1 mice exposed to dibutyl phthalate

Maricarmen Colón-Díaz, Juliara Ortiz-Santana, Zelieann R. Craig

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

6 Scopus citations


Phthalates are industrial chemicals used as plasticizers in food packaging, medical devices, and toys, as well as cosmetics used primarily by women. Epidemiological studies in women and animal studies using rodents have reported associations between phthalate exposures and adverse reproductive health outcomes. Epigenetic mechanisms are thought to be involved in the ability of environmental contaminants to influence development of disease but evidence linking exposure to phthalates and uterine DNA methyltransferase activity are lacking. This article reports the activity of DNA methyltransferase (DNMT) enzymes in uteri from CD-1 mice treated with or without dibutyl phthalate (DBP), a phthalate commonly found in the urine of women of reproductive age. CD-1 mice were orally dosed with tocopherol-stripped corn oil (vehicle) or DBP at 10 μg/kg/day, 100 μg/kg/day and 1000 mg/kg/day daily for 10, 20, and 30 days. These dosages were selected based on estimates of human intake previously reported (10 and 100 μg/kg/day) and included a high dose (1000 mg/kg/day) for comparison with classical toxicity studies. At the end of 10, 20 or 30 days of daily oral dosing, animals were euthanized within 1–2 hours after the final dose. DNMT activity was determined by subjecting uterine nuclear extracts to a commercially-available DNMT activity ELISA assay and measuring optical density with a microplate spectrophotometer at a wavelength of 450 nm. Graph Pad Prism 8 was used for data analysis to determine the activity of DNMT enzymes at different time points and doses versus vehicle. The data presented serves as a resource for researchers working in the field of toxicology because it addresses a gap in knowledge of how exposure to environmental factors such as phthalate esters could produce epigenetic alterations in the uterus, which consequently may increase the risk of developing reproductive disease.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number105061
JournalData in Brief
StatePublished - Feb 2020


  • DNA methylation
  • DNA methyltransferase
  • Dibutyl phthalate
  • Endometrium
  • Epigenetics
  • Infertility
  • Phthalate
  • Uterus

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • General


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