Damage localization in piezo-ceramic using ultrasonic waves excited by dual point contact excitation and detection scheme

V. Agarwal, A. Shelke, B. S. Ahluwalia, F. Melandsø, T. Kundu, A. Habib

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

15 Scopus citations


A novel experimental technique based on point contact and Coulomb coupling is devised and optimized for ultrasonic imaging of bulk and guided waves propagation in piezo-ceramics. The Coulomb coupling technique exploits the coupling and transfer of electric field to mechanical vibrations by excitation of phonons. The point contact excitation and detection technique facilitates the spatial-temporal imaging of ultrasonic waves. The motivation of this research is the diagnosis and localization of surface cracks in the piezoelectric sensors and actuators. The underlying principle of the detection scheme is that any discontinuity on the surface causes high localization of electric gradient. The localized electric field at the defect boundaries enables then to behave as secondary passive ultrasonic sources resulting in strong back reflections. However, due to the interference between transmitted and reflected wave components from rigid boundaries and defect, the resolution on the localization of the damage is challenging. Therefore, an algorithm based on the two-dimensional spectral decomposition is utilized for selective suppression of the transmitted wave. The algorithm includes data transformation and vectorization in polar coordinates for efficient spectral decomposition. In the spectral domain, the complex wave component (phase and amplitude) are suppressed for the transmitted wave field. The reflected wave component in the spectral domain is retained and retrieved back using inverse spectral transformation. The algorithm is successful in retaining and exemplifying only the reflected wave sources arising from the strong scattering of ultrasonic waves from the surface and sub-surface defects. In summary, a novel experimental technique based on Coulomb coupling and spectral decomposition technique has been implemented for localization of surface defect in piezo-ceramic structures.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number106113
StatePublished - Dec 2020


  • Coulomb coupling
  • Lead Zirconate Titanate (PZT)
  • Point contact excitation and detection
  • Spectral transform
  • Surface flaw
  • Ultrasonic waves

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Acoustics and Ultrasonics


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