Daily Hugging Predicts Lower Levels of Two Proinflammatory Cytokines

Lisa J. van Raalte, Kory Floyd

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

4 Scopus citations

Abstract

The current study asked a sample (N = 20) of healthy young adults to report their daily hugging behaviors over a 14-day period and to collect their saliva at the beginning and end of the study. Based on affection exchange theory, we hypothesized that the frequency of hugging would be inversely related to proinflammatory cytokines, including interleukins (IL) 1-β, 6, and 8, and tumor necrosis factor-alpha (TNF-α). Controlling for baseline levels, hugging was significantly and inversely related to IL1-β and TNF-α after the 14-day period. Associations with IL-6 and IL-8, although nonsignificant, were also in the hypothesized direction.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)487-506
Number of pages20
JournalWestern Journal of Communication
Volume85
Issue number4
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021

Keywords

  • Affection
  • Cytokines
  • Health
  • Hugging
  • Inflammation

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Language and Linguistics

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