Current status and future of photorefractive polymers for photonic applications

B. Kippelen, N. Peyghambarian

Research output: Contribution to journalConference articlepeer-review


Photorefractive polymer are emerging as promising photonic materials for a variety of applications including holographic storage, real-Time optical processing, imaging, nondestructive testing, and phase conjugation. These materials combine the low cost and ease of processing of polymers with the highly sensitive optical encoding mechanism of photorefractive materials in general. This paper will introduce the basic concepts of photorefractivity, organic nonlinear optical materials, and amorphous organic photo- conductors. Then we will review the physics and the chemistry of photorefractive polymers and give a survey of different classes of materials that have been proposed during the relatively short history of organic photorefractive materials. Finally, we will discuss some of the potential and future challenges of these materials in the context of photonic applications.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number102900G
Pages (from-to)343-373
Number of pages31
JournalProceedings of SPIE - The International Society for Optical Engineering
StatePublished - Jul 29 1997
EventSol-Gel and Polymer Photonic Devices: A Critical Review 1997 - San Diego, United States
Duration: Jul 27 1997Aug 1 1997


  • Electro-optics
  • Holography
  • Nonlinear optics
  • Optical processing
  • Organic
  • Photoconductors
  • Photorefractivity
  • Polymers

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Electronic, Optical and Magnetic Materials
  • Condensed Matter Physics
  • Computer Science Applications
  • Applied Mathematics
  • Electrical and Electronic Engineering


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