Current challenges and future of agricultural genomes to phenomes in the USA

Christopher K. Tuggle, Jennifer L. Clarke, Brenda M. Murdoch, Eric Lyons, Nicole M. Scott, Bedrich Beneš, Jacqueline D. Campbell, Henri Chung, Courtney L. Daigle, Sruti Das Choudhury, Jack C.M. Dekkers, Joao R.R. Dórea, David S. Ertl, Max Feldman, Breno O. Fragomeni, Janet E. Fulton, Carmela R. Guadagno, Darren E. Hagen, Andrew S. Hess, Luke M. KramerCarolyn J. Lawrence-Dill, Alexander E. Lipka, Thomas Lübberstedt, Fiona M. McCarthy, Stephanie D. McKay, Seth C. Murray, Penny K. Riggs, Troy N. Rowan, Moira J. Sheehan, Juan P. Steibel, Addie M. Thompson, Kara J. Thornton, Curtis P. Van Tassell, Patrick S. Schnable

Research output: Contribution to journalLetterpeer-review

1 Scopus citations


Dramatic improvements in measuring genetic variation across agriculturally relevant populations (genomics) must be matched by improvements in identifying and measuring relevant trait variation in such populations across many environments (phenomics). Identifying the most critical opportunities and challenges in genome to phenome (G2P) research is the focus of this paper. Previously (Genome Biol, 23(1):1–11, 2022), we laid out how Agricultural Genome to Phenome Initiative (AG2PI) will coordinate activities with USA federal government agencies expand public–private partnerships, and engage with external stakeholders to achieve a shared vision of future the AG2PI. Acting on this latter step, AG2PI organized the “Thinking Big: Visualizing the Future of AG2PI” two-day workshop held September 9–10, 2022, in Ames, Iowa, co-hosted with the United State Department of Agriculture’s National Institute of Food and Agriculture (USDA NIFA). During the meeting, attendees were asked to use their experience and curiosity to review the current status of agricultural genome to phenome (AG2P) work and envision the future of the AG2P field. The topic summaries composing this paper are distilled from two 1.5-h small group discussions. Challenges and solutions identified across multiple topics at the workshop were explored. We end our discussion with a vision for the future of agricultural progress, identifying two areas of innovation needed: (1) innovate in genetic improvement methods development and evaluation and (2) innovate in agricultural research processes to solve societal problems. To address these needs, we then provide six specific goals that we recommend be implemented immediately in support of advancing AG2P research.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number8
JournalGenome biology
Issue number1
StatePublished - Dec 2024

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Ecology, Evolution, Behavior and Systematics
  • Genetics
  • Cell Biology


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