Cultured endothelial cells derived from the human iliac arteries

M. K. Glassberg, M. M. Bern, S. R. Coughlin, C. C. Haudenschild, L. W. Hoyer, H. N. Antoniades, B. R. Zetter

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

27 Scopus citations


Cells derived from the endothelium of human iliac arteries were cultured in vivo. The cells were isolated, grown, and subcultured in HEPES buffered Medium 199 supplemented with 20% heat inactivated human whole blood serum, human alpha-thrombin, and commercial endothelial cell growth supplement derived from bovine brain. The cells were viable in culture for 8 to 10 passages at a split ratio of 1:3. After the 10th passage, the cells began to enlarge and their growth rate was reduced. No cultures were viable after the 12th passage. The cells were determined to be of endothelial origin by their morphology at confluence; their ultrastructural characteristics, including the presence of Weibel-Palade bodies; the production and release of factor VIII-related antigen; and by their maintenance of a surface that prevented platelet attachment. The cultured arterial endothelial cells released prostacyclin in response to challenge with thrombin and protamine sulfate but not in response to bradykinin or the platelet-derived growth factor. Although the cultures described in this report were derived from patients with varying degrees of atherosclerotic disease, there were no significant differences in morphological or physiological parameters among these cultures or in comparison with commonly studied cells derived from human umbilical veins.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)859-866
Number of pages8
JournalIn Vitro
Issue number10
StatePublished - Oct 1982
Externally publishedYes


  • Factor VIII related antigen
  • PGI
  • diabetes mellitus
  • platelet adhesion

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Biotechnology
  • Plant Science


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