Culture and Social Norms: Development and Application of a Model for Culturally Contextualized Communication Measurement (MC3M)

Rain W. Liu, Maria K. Lapinski, John M. Kerr, Jinhua Zhao, Tsering Bum, Zhi Lu

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

Abstract

Studies of social norms are common in the communication literature and are increasingly focused on cultural dynamics: studying co-cultural groups within national boundaries or comparing countries. Based on the review of the status quo in cross-cultural measurement development and our years of experience in conducting this research among a co-cultural group, this paper describes a Model for Culturally Contextualized Communication Measurement (MC3M) for intercultural and/or cross-cultural communication research. As an exemplar, we report on a program of research applying the model to develop a culturally derived measurement of social norms and the factors impacting the norm-behavior relationship for members of a unique population group (i.e.,ethnically Tibetan pastoralists in Western China). The results provide preliminary evidence for the construct validity and reliability of the culturally derived measurements. The implications, benefits, and shortcomings of the MC3M model are discussed. Recommendations for advancing both conceptual and measurement refinement in intercultural and cross-cultural communication research are provided.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number770513
JournalFrontiers in Communication
Volume6
DOIs
StatePublished - 2021
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • cross-cultural communication
  • culturally derived measures
  • measurement validation
  • social norms
  • unique populations

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Communication
  • Social Sciences (miscellaneous)

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