Osteoarthritis (OA) is one of the leading causes of disability worldwide. As our understanding of OA progressively has moved from a purely mechanical “wear and tear” concept toward a complex multi-tissue condition in which inflammation plays a central role, the possible role of crystal-induced inflammation in OA incidence and progression may be relevant. In addition to gout, which affects 4% of the US population, basic calcium phosphate and calcium pyrophosphate deposition both may induce joint inflammation and may play a role in pain in OA. This narrative review article discusses the possible mechanisms underlying the associations between crystal-induced arthropathies and OA, and the important implications of these for clinical practice and future research.
- Calcium pyrophosphate
- Monosodium urate
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Radiology Nuclear Medicine and imaging