## Abstract

We measure the cross-correlation between weak lensing of galaxy images and of the cosmic microwave background (CMB). The effects of gravitational lensing on different sources will be correlated if the lensing is caused by the same mass fluctuations. We use galaxy shape measurements from 139 deg^{2} of the Dark Energy Survey (DES) Science Verification data and overlapping CMB lensing from the South Pole Telescope (SPT) and Planck. The DES source galaxies have a median redshift of z_{med} ~ 0.7, while the CMB lensing kernel is broad and peaks at z ~ 2. The resulting cross-correlation is maximally sensitive to mass fluctuations at z ~ 0.44. Assuming the Planck 2015 best-fitting cosmology, the amplitude of the DES×SPT cross-power is found to be A_{SPT} = 0.88 ± 0.30 and that from DES×Planck to be A_{Planck} = 0.86 ± 0.39, where A = 1 corresponds to the theoretical prediction. These are consistent with the expected signal and correspond to significances of 2.9σ and 2.2σ, respectively. We demonstrate that our results are robust to a number of important systematic effects including the shear measurement method, estimator choice, photo-z uncertainty and CMB lensing systematics. We calculate a value of A = 1.08 ± 0.36 for DES×SPT when we correct the observations with a simple intrinsic alignment model. With three measurements of this cross-correlation now existing in the literature, there is not yet reliable evidence for any deviation from the expected LCDM level of cross-correlation. We provide forecasts for the expected signal-to-noise ratio of the combination of the five-year DES survey and SPT-3G.

Original language | English (US) |
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Pages (from-to) | 21-34 |

Number of pages | 14 |

Journal | Monthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society |

Volume | 459 |

Issue number | 1 |

DOIs | |

State | Published - Jun 11 2016 |

## Keywords

- Cosmic background radiation
- Gravitational lensing: weak
- Methods: data analysis

## ASJC Scopus subject areas

- Astronomy and Astrophysics
- Space and Planetary Science