Critical discussion of the vacuum polarization measurements in muonic atoms

Johann Rafelski, Berndt Müller, Gerhard Soff, Walter Greiner

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

10 Scopus citations


Recent disagreement between theoretical and experimental values of transition energies for outer states in muonic atoms is discussed in the range of 150-440 keV. A brief review of the present status of calculation of the theoretical contributions is given. A rigorous theoretical framework for the electron-muon system is considered. A set of self-consistent equations is derived. Several mechanisms for the explanation of the discrepancy are discussed. No explanation within the frame of standard quantum electrodynamics is found.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)419-453
Number of pages35
JournalAnnals of Physics
Issue number2
StatePublished - Dec 1974

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Physics and Astronomy(all)


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