CPAP and Bi-level PAP therapy: New and established roles

Andreea Antonescu-Turcu, Sairam Parthasarathy

Research output: Contribution to journalArticlepeer-review

50 Scopus citations


Over the past few decades, continuous positive airway pressure (CPAP) therapy for obstructive sleep apnea has evolved into more and more sophisticated modes of therapy for various forms of sleep-disordered breathing. While the principles of splinting the airway and delivering assisted ventilation underpin the basics of this therapy, the introduction of newer technologies and miniaturization are revolutionizing the former conventions of the field. The purpose of this review is to improve our understanding of various forms of PAP therapy by providing the rationale for such modalities, gaining a basic working knowledge of device technology, and critically assessing the clinical research evidence while identifying barriers to implementation. Dissemination of such information is vital in order to prevent knowledge gaps in healthcare providers and systems.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1216-1229
Number of pages14
JournalRespiratory care
Issue number9
StatePublished - Sep 2010


  • Adherence
  • Adult
  • Artificial respiration
  • Central sleep apnea
  • Compliance
  • Continuous positive airway pressure
  • Obesity
  • Obstructive sleep apnea
  • Pediatric
  • Servo ventilation
  • Sleep apnea

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Pulmonary and Respiratory Medicine
  • Critical Care and Intensive Care Medicine


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