This paper provides an overview of issues related to the emerging discipline of pharmacoeconomics and its relationship to the outcomes movement. The focus is upon the evolving Management Care Organisation (MCO) and the demands placed upon the pharmaceutical industry as it attempts to provide new innovative anti-infective treatments. Similarly the challenge is to meet the ever increasing requirements for approval and reimbursement of new anti-infective pharmaceutical products. Outcomes research is playing an increasingly important role in such decisions throughout the world, including the United States. Unfortunately, most decisions and analysis at the national level and within MCOs regarding the adoption and utilisation of pharmaceuticals are rather unsophisticated in terms of the proper utilisation of pharmacoeconomic data. There is a prevalent need to better utilise this information to develop cost-effective disease and therapy intervention models and guidelines. Also, information on the application of pharmacoeconomics for the evaluation of pharmaceutical care services that enhance the cost effectiveness of drug therapy needs to be seriously considered. Specifically, this should include a consideration of the economic consequences of drug-related problems and the potential impact of pharmaceutical care on drug-related morbidity/mortality associated with the treatment of infectious disease.
ASJC Scopus subject areas
- Health Policy
- Public Health, Environmental and Occupational Health