Cosmology-independent Estimate of the Hubble Constant and Spatial Curvature using Time-delay Lenses and Quasars

Jun Jie Wei, Fulvio Melia

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22 Scopus citations


With the distance sum rule in the Friedmann Lema tre Robertson Walker metric, model-independent constraints on both the Hubble constant H0 and spatial curvature WK can be obtained using strong lensing time-delay data and Type Ia supernovae (SNe Ia) luminosity distances. This method is limited by the relatively low redshifts of SNe Ia, however. Here, we propose using quasars as distance indicators, extending the coverage to encompass the redshift range of strong lensing systems. We provide a novel and improved method of determining H0 and WK simultaneously. By applying this technique to the time-delay measurements of seven strong lensing systems and the known ultraviolet versus X-ray luminosity correlation of quasars, we constrain the possible values of both H0 and WK, and find that =-H 75.3+ 0 2.9 3.0 km s-1Mpc-1 and W =-0.01+ K 0.17 0.18. The measured WK is consistent with zero spatial curvature, indicating that there is no significant deviation from a flat universe. If we use flatness as a prior, we infer that =-H 75.3+ 0 1.9 1.9 km s-1Mpc-1, representing a precision of 2.5%. If we further combine these data with the 1048 current Pantheon SNe Ia, our model-independent constraints can be further improved to =-H 75.3+ 0 2.9 3.0 kms-1Mpc-1 and W = 0.05+ K 0.14 0.16. In every case, we find that the Hubble constant measured with this technique is strongly consistent with the value (74 km s-1Mpc-1) measured using the local distance ladder, as opposed to the value optimized by Planck.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Article number127
JournalAstrophysical Journal
Issue number2
StatePublished - Jul 10 2020

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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