Cosmological test using the Hubble diagram of high-z quasars

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34 Scopus citations


It has been known for over three decades that the monochromatic X-ray and UV luminosities in quasars are correlated, though non-linearly. This offers the possibility of using high-z quasars as standard candles for cosmological testing. In this paper, we use a recently assembled, high-quality catalogue of 1598 quasars extending all the way to redshift ∼6, to compare the predictions of the Rh = ct and Lambda cold dark matter (ΛCDM) cosmologies. In so doing, we affirm that the parameters characterizing the correlation depend only weakly on the chosen cosmology, and that both models account very well for the data. Unlike ΛCDM, however, the Rh = ct model has no free parameters for this work, so the Bayesian Information Criterion favours it over ΛCDM with a relative likelihood of ∼ 88 per cent versus ∼ 10 per cent. This result is consistent with the outcome of other comparative tests, many of which have shown that Rh = ct is favoured over the standard model based on a diverse range of observations.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)517-523
Number of pages7
JournalMonthly Notices of the Royal Astronomical Society
Issue number1
StatePublished - Oct 11 2019


  • Cosmological parameters
  • Cosmology: distance scale
  • Cosmology: observations
  • Cosmology: theory
  • Quasars: supermassive black holes

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Astronomy and Astrophysics
  • Space and Planetary Science


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