Cosmogenic 36Cl and 10Be ages of Quaternary glacial and fluvial deposits of the Wind River Range, Wyoming

Fred M. Phillips, Marek G. Zreda, John C. Gosse, Jeffrey Klein, Edward B. Evenson, Robert D. Hall, Oliver A. Chadwick, Pankaj Sharma

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154 Scopus citations


We measured cosmogenic 36Cl in 56 samples from boulders on moraines and fluvial terraces in the vicinity of the Wind River Range, Wyoming. We also measured 10Be in 10 of the same samples. Most of the 10Be ages were in good agreement with the 36Cl ages, indicating that rock-surface erosion rates were very low. The oldest moraine investigated, the type Sacagewea Ridge site, yielded only a limiting minimum age of >232 ka. The oldest moraines in the type Bull Lake complex also could be constrained only to >130 ka. The main sequence of type Bull Lake moraines yielded age distributions indicating deposition within the intervals 130 to 100 ka and 120 to 100 ka; the best estimates are closer to the upper limits of these ranges, and associated uncertainties are in the range of 10% to 15%. These uncertainties could permit deposition in either marine isotope stage 6 or stage 5d. We found no evidence of glacial deposits dating to marine isotope stage 4. Both Bull Lake-age moraines from Fremont Lake, on the opposite side of the Wind River Range, and boulders on a fluvial terrace above the Wind River, gave age distributions very similar to that of the second oldest Bull Lake advance (ca. 130 to 100 ka). The distribution of boulder ages for Pinedale moraines at Bull Lake indicated deposition between 23 and 16 ka, nearly identical to the distribution of 10Be ages previously reported for the type Pinedale moraines at Fremont Lake.

Original languageEnglish (US)
Pages (from-to)1453-1463
Number of pages11
JournalBulletin of the Geological Society of America
Issue number11
StatePublished - Nov 1997

ASJC Scopus subject areas

  • Geology


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